Pediatric or child neurologists are specially-trained physicians who have followed up their four-year medical school education with a five-year post-graduate training regimen consisting of two years of training in pediatrics, one year of training in general neurology, and two years of training in pediatric neurology.
Child neurologists combine a special expertise in diagnosing and treating disorders of the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, muscles, nerves) with an understanding of medical disorders in childhood and the special needs of the child and his or her family and environment. Child Neurologists then take comprehensive examinations supervised by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology and become Board Certified in Neurology and Psychiatry with Special Competence in Child Neurology.
In many cases, child neurologists work as a team with pediatricians or other primary care physicians. In addition, child neurologists may work with other pediatric specialists to care for children who have more complex or serious medical issues, such as tuberous sclerosis muscular dystrophy or birth defects. These are chronic conditions that require ongoing care and close follow-up throughout childhood and adolescence.